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Low cost, 25 min TB-test could help reduce tuberculosis death rate among patients with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

CAPE TOWN, 09 March 2016 (sciencedaily)- A low cost, easy to use, urine test to diagnose tuberculosis (TB) among patients with HIV could help reduce the TB death rate of HIV-positive patients in hospital, according to a new study published in The Lancet today.

HIV patients in Africa with a specific genetic variant have much lower rate of TB

CLEVELAND, 09 March 2016 (sciencedaily)- In the first known discovery of its kind, a Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine-led team has found that HIV patients in Africa with a certain genetic variant have a 63-percent lower chance of developing tuberculosis than HIV patients without the genetic variant.

Press release: International Women’s Day celebrations champion a Planet 50-50 by 2030

NEW YORK, 7 March 2016 (UNWOMEN)  -  International Women’s Day celebrations on 8 March will mobilize people around the world to call for a Planet 50-50 by 2030. UN Women is organizing a series of diverse, high-profile events in over 40 countries, where ordinary citizens, activists, musicians, athletes, students, security personnel, scholars and stock exchange officials will be among those who commit to “Stepping It Up for Gender Equality.”

Expanding treatment and PrEP could prevent 185,000 new HIV infections, US CDC says

BOSTON, 02 March 2016 (Aidsmap)- Increasing diagnosis, care and treatment of people living with HIV could lead to a large decrease in HIV incidence, preventing some 168,000 new infections by the year 2020, according to a new US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analysis presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2016) last week in Boston. The impact of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) would be comparatively modest, but its importance would be greater if more people with HIV are not on treatment with undetectable viral load.

Rate of entry into HIV care improved by personalised counselling

BOSTON, 01 March 2016 (Aidsmap)- Entry into HIV care can be increased by around 40% if people receive a point-of-care CD4 test and counselling sessions to overcome personal barriers to seeking HIV care, a large randomised study in South Africa has shown. However, the study also found that only half of the people who received the most effective linkage intervention and who were in need of immediate treatment made it onto treatment within six months of their HIV diagnosis, highlighting the need for further improvements in linkage to HIV care.

Studies probe retention in HIV care for women who start antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy

BOSTON, 01 March 2016 (Aidsmap)- Engaging lay counsellors to provide a combination package of evidence-based interventions in Nyanza, Kenya and addressing partner disclosure, as well as pre-treatment education about the benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for maternal and child health in Malawi’s Option B+ programme, improved retention in care and reduced loss to follow-up of mothers with HIV and their infants, studies presented last week at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2016) in Boston show.

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