This document reflects a broad consensus, at several levels, on strategic approaches which will guide the response to HIV and AIDS in the 2010 to 2014 period. Its philosophy endorses a results]based approach, orientated by principles such as those of human rights, multisectoralism, systems strengthening, the economy of resources, and respect for socio]cultural dynamics which influence the behavior of Mozambican citizens.
The first AIDS case in Mozambique was diagnosed in 1986. It was a foreign citizen who was already infected when he entered the Country.
Already in 1985, a World Health Organisation (WHO) Expert Committee meeting in Bangui, had made a definition of a clinical case of AIDS in Africa. From then on, WHO recommended that member countries set up National AIDS Committees. It is within this framework that, in August of 1986, the first body to spearhead the fight against AIDS was established in Mozambique, called National AIDS Commission (CNCS). This Commission was headquartered at the National Health Institute (INS).
The aim is to ensure as broad a participation in HIV/AIDS combat activities as possible because it is only through concerted effort of all population segments that we will be able to contain the rapid progression of the disease and significantly reduce the rates of incidence.
The goal of the national HIV response in Mozambique is to reduce HIV infection. As the highest rates of new infections occur in young adults, the country has committed to achieving major reductions in HIVrevalence among young people.